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Nikon D80 Compared To Canon Digital Rebel XTi / EOS 400D

Nikon D80 versus Canon Digital Rebel XTi
 

If you are looking at buying a new digital SLR camera geared towards the photo enthusiast, two of the more popular options currently available on the market are the 10.2 megapixel Nikon D80 digital SLR or the 10.1 megapixel Canon Digital Rebel XTi / EOS 400D digital SLR.

Both the Nikon D80 and the Canon Rebel XTi certainly deliver in terms of image quality, although the two cameras differ substantially in terms of the design and features that are offered.

Clearly existing owners of Canon or Nikon equipment will have a strong predetermined brand preference. For those that are trying to decide which camera system to buy into however, the decision can be a more difficult one to reach.

To assist in the decision making process, we have completed a side by side comparison of the Nikon D80 versus the Canon Digital Rebel XTi / EOS 400D digital SLR.

We have also included a list of respective advantages  between the two digital SLR cameras further below.


The Nikon D80 is sold as a body only or in a standard kit with the Nikon AF-S DX 18-135mm f/4-5.6G IF-ED Nikkor zoom lens.

The Canon Rebel XTi is available as a body only or in a standard kit form with the Canon EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 zoom lens.

Nikon D80 versus Canon Rebel XTi
Nikon D80 Digital SLR Top View
Canon EOS Digital Rebel XTi / 400D Top View



Nikon D80 versus Canon Rebel XTi
Side by Side Feature Comparison



Specifications

Nikon D80

Canon Digital Rebel XTi / 400D

Resolution

10.2 MP

10.1 MP

Sensor

CCD

CMOS

Sensor Size
23.6 x 15.8mm
22.2 x 14.8mm
Image Processor
Newly developed high-precision, high-speed image processing engine based on Nikon D200 and D2Xs. Two channel readout from sensor for fast data transfer
High speed DIGIC II Image processor found in all Canon DSLR's including the top of the line EOS 1D Mark II N. Two channel readout from sensor for fast data transfer
Start Up
0.18 sec
0.2 sec
Shutter Lag
80ms
100ms

Picture angle

Equivalent in 35mm format is approximately 1.5 times lens focal length

Equivalent in 35mm format is approximately 1.6 times lens focal length

Low-Pass Filter

Built-in / Fixed

New design. Divided into two individual components LPF#1 and LPF#2 which helps to minimize colour artifacts and the potential of moire. LPF#1 attached to Ultrasonic vibrating unit to shake off dust.

Image Stabilization
Optical Vibration Reduction (VR) with designated lenses. Up to 4 stop decrease in shutter speed. Varies with VR lens used.
Optical Image Stabilization (IS) with designated lenses. Up to 3 stop decrease in shutter speed. Varies with VR lens used.

LCD monitor

2.5-in., 230,000-dot, lowtemperature polysilicon TFT LCD with brightness
adjustment allows up to 170-degree viewing angle. Up to 25x magnification playback viewing

A 2.5-in., 230,000-pixel, color TFT LCD screen with a wide, 170° viewing angle. New Auto sensor turns display off when you look through the viewfinder. Up to 10x magnification playback viewing

Image Sizes

3,872 x 2,592 [L]
2,896 x 1,944 [M]
1,936 x 1,296 [S]

• 3888 x 2592 (L)
• 2816 x 1880 (M)
• 1936 x 1288 (S)

Image Compression Settings
Basic, Normal, Fine
Fine, Normal
Anti-Dust Technology
  • The Optical Low Pass Filter has an antistatic design to prevent static electricity from attracting dust and foreign matter to its surface.

  • The area surrounding the rear surface of the image sensor is sealed to help prevent dust and foreign matter from entering from the rear.

  • The camera is designed to maintain a space between the imaging surface of the image sensor and the surface of the OLPF. As dust and foreign matter on the image sensor do not form a sharp image (degree of sharpness also varies with aperture value), it is less likely for such dust and/or foreign matter to have an effect on photographs.

  • The D80 is designed so that the moving parts such as the shutter and quick-return mirror produce very little of the dust and particles associated with mechanical wear of new parts inside the camera.

  • The Nikon D80 offers a "Dust Off" feature with the optional Nikon Capture NX software that allows you to map out the dust on the sensor and have the software remove it automatically.
  • The Optical Low Pass Filter has an antistatic design to prevent static electricity from attracting dust and foreign matter to its surface.

  • The area surrounding the rear surface of the image sensor is sealed to help prevent dust and foreign matter from entering from the rear.The camera is designed to maintain a space between the imaging surface of the image sensor and the surface of the OLPF. As dust and foreign matter on the image sensor do not form a sharp image (degree of sharpness also varies with aperture value), it is less likely for such dust and/or foreign matter to have an effect on photographs.

  • Self Cleaning Sensor Unit designed to eliminate larger types of dust. Lowpass filter #1 on the front of the sensor is attached to an ultrasonic vibrating unit (piezoelectric element). When LPF #1 is subjected to ultrasonic vibrations, the dust is shaken off the surface.

  • Dust Delete Data detection with Canon's Digital Photo Professional software v.2.2. which allows you to map out the dust on the sensor and have the software remove it automatically.
Mirror Lock Up Feature
Yes, only to clean sensor
Mirror can be locked up to 30 sec. Activated by using Custom function 7-1

Metering

TTL full-aperture exposure metering system

1) 420-pixel 3D Color
Matrix Metering II

2) Variable Center-weighted

3) Spot: Meters 3.5mm
diameter circle (about 2.5%
of frame) centered on active focus area

Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 6, 8, or 10-mm circle in center of frame (variable through custom functions)

TTL full aperture exposure metering

35-zone SPC (1) 35 Point Evaluative (linked to all AF points)

Partial metering at centre (approx. 9% of viewfinder)

Centre-weighted

Metering Range
EV 0 to 20
EV 1 to 20

Processing Parameters

Seven Image Enhancement Options under Optimize Image settings

Normal (default): Recommended for most situations

Softer: Softens outlines. Use to ensure smooth, natural looking skin tones in portraits

Vivid: Enhances saturation, contrast and sharpness to produce vivid images with vibrant reds, greens and blues

More Vivid: Maximizes saturation, contrast and sharpness to produce images with sharper outlines

Portrait: Lowers contrast and softens background details

Landscape: Enhances saturation and sharpness to produce landscapes with vibrant greens and blues

Custom: The parameters for; Sharpening, Contrast (Tone), Colour reproduction, Saturation, and Hue, can all be adjusted by selecting Custom mode in the "Optimize Image" menu.

Parameter Settings
Sharpening AUTO, Manual 6
Tone Comp. Auto, Normal, ± 2 settings, Create or download Custom Tone curve with optional Nikon Camera Control software
Colour Modes Ia) sRGB bias for portrait, II) Adobe RGB, IIIa) sRGB bias for landscape
Saturation Auto, Normal, Moderate, Enhanced
Hue Adjustment 3 step for each mode approx. 3/ each step

Black and white: Take photos in B&W. Standard or Custom mode. Tone and sharpening can be adjusted in Custom. Yellow, Orange, Red, Green filter effects can be used

Six Image Enhancement Options under Picture Styles

For the first 5 choices, Standard, Portrait,
Landscape, Neutral and Faithful, the variables are sharpness, contrast, saturation and color
tone.

Each Style has preset values for these image characteristics that can be changed by the user in the menu.

Available settings include:

• Sharpness: 0 to 7
• Contrast: -4 to +4
• Saturation: -4 to +4
• Color tone: -4 to +4

The sixth Picture Style is Monochrome, whose variables are Sharpness, Contrast, Filter effect and Toning effect. Last, there are 3 open slots for User Defined styles.

Monochrome Parameter set:

• Sharpness can be adjusted from 0 to 7
• Contrast can be adjusted from -4 to +4

Filter effects (none, yellow, orange, red and green) that are just like camera filter effects and toning effects (none, sepia, blue, purple, green). Similar to the Canon EOS 30D.

Recording Format

JPEG, RAW, JPEG Basic + RAW, JPEG Normal + RAW, JPEG Fine + RAW

JPEG, RAW, JPEG Large + RAW

Viewfinder Diopter Adjustment
Built-in viewfinder diopter adjustment (-2.0 to +1.0m)
Built-in viewfinder diopter adjustment -3.0 to +1.0
Viewfinder Type
Glass Pentaprism type

On demand "Grid Lines" can be superimposed in viewfinder. Ideal for architectual composition etc.
Penta-mirror type
Viewfinder Magnification
0.94x
Compatible with the optional Magnifying Eyepiece DK-21M. Improves the viewfinder from 0.94x to 1.1x
0.8x
LCD Camera Information Panel
Yes, on top of camera. LCD illumination available.
No. All camera info is displayed on rear 2.5" LCD monitor instead


Exposure Shooting Modes

7 Variable Program Modes - Auto, Portrait, Landscape, Close up, Sports, Night Landscape, Night portrait
(P) Flexible Program auto
(S) Shutter-priority auto
(A) Aperture priority auto
(M) Manual

7 Variable Program Modes - Auto, Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Night portrait, Auto depth-of-field
(P) Program AE
(Tv) Shutter priority
(Av) Aperture priority
(M) Manual

ISO Sensitivity

100 -1600 ISO H0.3, H0.7, H1 (3200 ISO)
Manually select in 1/3 step increments

100 -1600 ISO
Manually select in 1/3 step increments

Color Mode

Ia) sRGB bias for portrait
II) Adobe RGB,
IIIa) sRGB bias for landscapes

sRGB, Adobe RGB

Continuous Shooting Speed

3 fps

3 fps

Continuous Shooting Number of Frames

Continuous up to 100 JPEG, RAW up to 6 frames

Continuous up to 27 JPEG, RAW up to 10 frames

White Balance

Auto TTL white-balance with 420 segment RGB sensor. Modes: Incandescent, Fluorescent, Sunlight, Flash, Cloudy,Shade, Custom Preset, WB can be dialed in by colour temperature

Auto TTL White Balance. Modes: Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten, Fluorescent, Flash, Preset Custom

WB Fine-Tuning

3 step fine tuning for each WB setting

3 step fine tuning for each WB setting. Fine tuning in Blue-Amber and/or Magenta-Green range

WB Bracketing

+/- 3 stops. Set in 1/3 or step increments. WB-BKT does not work during RAW and RAW + JPEG shooting. When the shutter is released, two or three images are captured, each with a different WB setting as selected

+/- 3 stops. Selectable in 1/3 step increments. Blue/Amber bias or Magenta/Green bias. WB-BKT does not work during RAW and RAW + JPEG shooting. When the shutter is released, up to six images can be captured each with a different WB setting. WB bracketing also available in Blue-Amber and/or Magenta-Green range.

Shutter Speed

30 sec to 1/4000 sec + Bulb

30 sec to 1/4000 + Bulb

Exposure Compensation

+5.0 to -5.0EV
(1/2, 1/3EV step)

+2.0 to -2.0EV
(1/2, 1/3EV step)

AEB (Auto Exposure Bracketing)

2 or 3 frames -2.0 to +2.0
or 1/3 step increments

3 frames -2.0 to +2.0
or 1/3 step increments

Histogram in Playback mode
Luminance and RGB histogram
Luminance and RGB histogram

Flash sync

1/200 sec

1/200 sec

Built-in flash Guide Number (ISO 100, metres)

13

13

Built-in flash coverage
Coverage up to 18mm focal length
Coverage up to 17mm focal length

Flash Modes

Auto, Red-eye Reduction, Red-Eye Reduction with Slow Sync, Slow Sync, Rear Curtain

Modeling and Repeating (RPT) flash function

Auto, On, Off, Red-eye reduction, (Rear Curtain Custom setting 9.1)

Red Eye Reduction System
Beam from lamp
Multi-Strobe from speedlight flash

Flash Type

i-TTL + Wireless Creative Lighting System support with optional SB-800, SB-600, Speedight flash units. "Commander Mode" on built-in flash for wireless multi-flash. Can control master and up to 2 remote groups (A, B) Can control up to 3 groups when the main unit is SB-800 or SU-800.
Auto FP high speed sync to 1/4000 sec with optional speedlight

E-TTL II with EX series Speedlites, wireless multi-flash support with optional ST-E2 transmitter. $300 CDN optional accessory (30/08/06)

Flash Compensation

3 to +1 EV in 1/3 or 1/2 stop increments

+/- 2 stops in 1/3 or 1/2 stop increments

AF Detection

EV -1 to 19 EV

EV -0.5 to 18 EV

Focus Sensor

Multi-CAM1000 AF module with 11 area AF points. Wide Area AF can be selected

9 AF areas
Enhanced precision cross-type, center AF point compatible with f/2.8

Focus Modes

Selectable:

1) Single Area AF
2) Dynamic Area AF
3) Auto Area AF

Selectable:

1) AI Focus AF
2) One shot AF
3) AI Servo AF

Depth of field preview button
Yes
Yes

Lens Compatibility

1) DX Nikkor : All functions supported
2) Type G or D AF Nikkor : All functions supported. 3) AI-P Nikkor : All functions supported except 3D color matrix metering, i-TTL balanced fill-flash for digital SLR, and autofocus
4) Non-CPU : Can be used in exposure mode M, but exposure meter does not function; electronic range finder can be used if maximum aperture is f/5.6 or faster

Over 43 AF Lenses and 9 Manual lenses supported

Canon EF and EF-S : All functions supported. Over 50 AF Lenses supported

Viewfinder Coverage

95%

95%

Eyepoint

19.5mm

21mm

Noise Reduction

High ISO NR mode: select from Normal, Low, High, Off

Long Exp. NR: set to Off or On

Long Exp. NR: set to Auto, Off or On

Dynamic Range Optimization
D-Lighting feature in camera. Choose Normal, Moderate or Enhanced. Will compensate for underexposed areas or insufficient flash without affecting properly exposed areas. Applied after the fact in the D80 'Retouch Menu'
No

Interface

USB 2.0 High Speed

USB 2.0 High Speed

Custom Functions
32 Custom Setting Functions
11 Custom Setting Functions
Retouch Menu
• D-Lighting: brighten shadow areas while keeping highlights as they are
• Red-eye correction: Correct the image in case of red-eye from the flash.
• Trim: Crop an image in camera
• Monochrome: Black and white, Sepia, Cyanotype. Convert image and save a copy in monochrome setting.
• Filter effects: Skylight, Warm filter, Colors balance. Apply filters effects after the fact.
• Small picture: create a reduced size copy for email or web
• Image overlay: overlap two RAW images in camera for creative effects
No
Multiple Exposure Mode
Yes
No
My Menu Setting
"My Menu" lets users customize menus to display only the items they wish to see
N/A

Vertical Image Rotation

Yes

Yes

Alphanumeric data input

Up to 36 characters of alphanumeric text input is available with LCD monitor and multi-selector; stored in Exif header of image. Provide location information, copyright details etc.

No

Direct Print Support

Yes PictBridge Direct Print Compliant with PictBridge Printers, DPOF, In camera support for PictBridge page setup

Canon SELPHY Compact Photo Printers, Bubble Jet Printers with the direct print function and PIXMA Printers supporting PictBridge, DPOF

Accessory vertical grip

MB-D80 Multi-Power battery pack. Use on or two EN-EL3e batteries or six AA size. Shutter release button, main and sub command dials, and a AE/AF lock button convenient for vertical shooting

Yes Canon BG-E3. Can hold two NB-2LH batteries or 6 AA's

Bundled Software

Nikon Picture Project, The 123 of Digital Imaging ebook Full Edition $50 CDN value, Optional Nikon Capture NX Editing Software and Camera Control Pro Software

ZoomBrowser EX, Digital Photo Professional RAW editing software, Photo Record (Remote Capture), ArcSoft

Memory Type
Secure Digital SD Memory Card
CompactFlash Type I and II
Slideshow
Yes. Standard or Pictmotion which includes style selections that control transitions (pan and zoom effects) and background music. The Nikon D80 can be connected to a TV for playback. PAL/NTSC
Yes. 4 sec delay. The Canon Digital Rebel XTi can be connected to a TV for playback. PAL/NTSC
Language Menu
15 menu languages available: Japanese, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Traditional Chinese, Simplified Chinese, Korean
15 menu languages available; English, German, French, Dutch, Danish, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Swedish, Spanish, Simplified Chinese, Japanese, Traditional Chinese, Korean and Russian.

Optional Remote

Wireless ML-L3 remote control or MC-DC 1 Remote Cord (1m)

Cable remote RS-60E3 or Wireless RC-1 or RC-5 remote

Power Source

One rechargeable Nikon EN-EL3a Li-ion battery and MH-18a quick charger included Optional MH-19 multi battery charger and EH-5 AC adapter available.

Li-Ion rechargeable NB-2LH battery and charger supplied.

Approx. number of shots per battery charge
600 (flash 50%) to 2700 shots with Nikon EN-EL3a rechargeable battery
500 shots with NB-2LH Lithium-ion battery
Battery Info
The Battery info feature shows information on the EN-EL3e rechargeable Li-ion battery. The following battery info is displayed:

Bat. meter: percentage of full charge
Pic. meter: The number of times the shutter has been released since the battery was last charged.
Charge life: A five-level display showing battery age, from 0 (new) to 4 (displayed when the battery has reached the end of its charging life and requires replacement)

4 level battery indicator
Manufacturer's Warranty
Two Year In Canada
One Year

Dimensions
(W x H x D)

132 x 103 x 77mm
127 x 94 x 65 mm

Weight w/o battery

585 grams

510 grams




Advantages of Nikon D80

  • Larger ergonomic grip and menu buttons provide for comfortable hold and ease of operation

  • 3D color matrix metering with 420-segment RGB sensor and Spot metering
  • Large glass pentaprism viewfinder (brighter and clearer ) with .94% viewfinder magnification


  • Two command dials for changing camera settings. Make adjustments with your index finger controlling the sub command dial and your thumb controlling the main command dial while looking through the camera
  • 11 area AF with selectable wide area AF compared to 9 area AF on the XTi


  • Significantly greater number of JPEG images can be captured when shooting in continious mode over extended time period with the D80 vs the Rebel XTi
  • LCD information panel on top of camera for easy viewing of main camera settings vs information displayed on rear LCD monitor on the Rebel XTi
  • "Commander mode" with internal i-TTL flash provides for wireless Nikon Creative Lighting System support with dedicated external speedlights. A $300 CAN (01/03/05) option for Rebel XT using accessory ST-E2 transmitter


  • 32 Custom settings vs 11 settings on the XTi


  • "Retouch Menu" provides a number of in-camera editing options. D-Lighting, Trim, Red-Eye Correction, Image Overlay, Small Picture, Monochrome and Filter Effects

  • Battery information feature: Bat. meter, Pic. Meter and Charge Life.
  • Low light AF detection from -1EV to 19 EV compared to -0.5 EV to 18 EV with Rebel XTi
  • Metering range 0 - 20 EV compared to 1 - 20 EV for Rebel XTi

  • Exposure bracketing +/- 5.0 EV versus +/- 2.0 EV with the Canon Rebel XTi
  • White Balance Bracketing in 1/2 and 1/3 steps for critical fine-tuning vs 1/3 steps with Digital Rebel XTi

  • Exposure compensation +/- 5 EV compared to +/- 2 EV
  • Grid outlines available in D80 viewfinder (to assist in architectural composition etc.)
  • Red-eye reduction beam from lamp compared to strobe from actual speedlight on Rebel XTi. Beam is easier for subjects to distinguish from actual flash firing. (Less eye blinking effect)
  • Up to 36 characters of alphanumeric text input. Tag location information, copyright details etc. to an image
  • Create or download Custom Colour Tone curves with optional Nikon Camera Control software


  • Comes bundled with the full version of the '123 of Digital Imaging' by Vincent Boakert (only in Canada). A $50 value.

  • Three compression settings available when shooting JPEG and RAW vs one (JPEG Fine and RAW) with the Canon Rebel XTi

  • Compatibility with older lenses including manual focus Nikkor lenses (AI-P and D type), and non-CPU

Advantages of Canon Rebel XTi

  • Smaller and lighter body size. Great for travel, hiking etc.

  • Self Cleaning Sensor Unit. Practical tests show however that this feature has little or no effect with smaller and stubborn dust particles which are often the main issue. (A feature that we were almost tempted to not list as an advantage.)
  • RAW image capture buffer capacity up to 10 frames vs 9 frames for D80 (more frames can be captured when shooting in shorter duration bursts)

  • White Balance fine tuning with added Blue-Amber and/or Magenta-Green bias


  • Slightly wider flash coverage with built-in flash (17mm lens)


  • Mirror Lock Up Feature up to 30 seconds

  • Bundled with Canon's Digital Photo Professional RAW editing software versus using optional Nikon Capture NX software with the Nikon D80

  • Compatible with Canon Direct Print printers, including the Canon SELPHY compact photo printers

  • The Canon Digital Rebel XTi / EOS 400D body only sells for about $150 CDN less than the Nikon D80 digital SLR


  • Digital Rebel XSi available in either black or silver

 

   
 

 

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